Study of relationship between dose, LET and the risk of brain necrosis after proton therapy for skull base tumors

M. Garbacz*, F.G. Cordoni, M. Durante, J. Gajewski, K. Kisielewicz, N. Krah, R. Kopec, P. Olko, V. Patera, I. Rinaldi, M. Rydygier, A. Schiavi, E. Scifoni, T. Skora, F. Tommasino, A. Rucinski

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Purpose: We investigated the relationship between RBE-weighted dose (DRBE) calculated with constant (cRBE) and variable RBE (vRBE), dose-averaged linear energy transfer (LETd) and the risk of radiographic changes in skull base patients treated with protons. Methods: Clinical treatment plans of 45 patients were recalculated with Monte Carlo tool FRED. Radiographic changes (i.e. edema and/or necrosis) were identified by MRI. Dosimetric parameters for cRBE and vRBE were computed. Biological margin extension and voxel-based analysis were employed looking for association of DRBE(vRBE) and LETd with brain edema and/or necrosis. Results: When using vRBE, Dmax in the brain was above the highest dose limits for 38% of patients, while such limit was never exceeded assuming cRBE. Similar values of Dmax were observed in necrotic regions, brain and temporal lobes. Most of the brain necrosis was in proximity to the PTV. The voxel-based analysis did not show evidence of an association with high LETd values. Conclusions: When looking at standard dosimetric parameters, the higher dose associated with vRBE seems to be responsible for an enhanced risk of radiographic changes. However, as revealed by a voxel-based analysis, the large inter-patient variability hinders the identification of a clear effect for high LETd. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. Radiotherapy and Oncology 163 (2021) 143-149 This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-149
Number of pages7
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume163
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Brain necrosis
  • Linear energy transfer
  • Monte Carlo
  • Proton therapy
  • Variable RBE
  • RELATIVE BIOLOGICAL EFFECTIVENESS
  • EFFECTIVENESS RBE VALUES
  • TEMPORAL-LOBE NECROSIS
  • CLINICAL-EVIDENCE
  • CANCER-PATIENTS
  • NORMAL TISSUE
  • RADIOTHERAPY

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