Structural and Mechanical Aberrations of the Nuclear Lamina in Disease

Merel Stiekema, Marc A. M. J. van Zandvoort, Frans C. S. Ramaekers, Jos L. Broers*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The nuclear lamins are the major components of the nuclear lamina in the nuclear envelope. Lamins are involved in numerous functions, including a role in providing structural support to the cell and the mechanosensing of the cell. Mutations in the genes encoding for lamins lead to the rare diseases termed laminopathies. However, not only laminopathies show alterations in the nuclear lamina. Deregulation of lamin expression is reported in multiple cancers and several viral infections lead to a disrupted nuclear lamina. The structural and mechanical effects of alterations in the nuclear lamina can partly explain the phenotypes seen in disease, such as muscular weakness in certain laminopathies and transmigration of cancer cells. However, a lot of answers to questions about the relation between changes in the nuclear lamina and disease development remain elusive. Here, we review the current understandings of the contribution of the nuclear lamina in the structural support and mechanosensing of healthy and diseased cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1884
Number of pages22
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • nuclear lamina
  • mechanosensing
  • mechanoresponse
  • nuclear rupture
  • nuclear stiffness
  • laminopathy
  • lamins in cancer
  • lamins and viruses
  • SIMPLEX-VIRUS TYPE-1
  • A-TYPE LAMINS
  • ENVELOPE RUPTURE
  • A/C DEFICIENCY
  • LMNA MUTATIONS
  • TAN LINES
  • EXPRESSION
  • PROTEIN
  • CANCER
  • ACTIN

Cite this