Collective decision problems are considered with a finite number of agents who have single-peaked preferences oil the real line. A probabilistic decision scheme assigns a probability distribution over the real line to every profile of reported preferences. The main result of the paper is a characterisation of the class of unanimous and strategy-proof probabilistic schemes with the aid of fixed probability distributions that play a role similar to that of the phantom voters in H. Moulin (Public Choice 35 (1980), 437-455). Thereby. the work of Moulin (1980) is extended to the probabilistic framework. Journal of Economic Literature Classification Numbers: D71, D81.
Ehlers, L. H., Peters, H. J. M., & Storcken, A. J. A. (2002). Strategy-Proof Probabilistic Decision Schemes for One-Dimensional Single-Peaked Preferences. Journal of Economic Theory, 105, 408-434. https://doi.org/10.1006/jeth.2001.2829