Stimulating the intention to change learning strategies: The role of narratives

L.T. Hui*, A.B.H. de Bruin, J. Donkers, J.J.G. van Merrienboer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Practice testing and distributed practice are effective in enhancing learning outcomes and longterm retention. Yet, many students use ineffective learning strategies instead and are reluctant to change them because they hold erroneous beliefs about practice testing and distributed practice. This intervention study examined whether narratives, compared to traditional didactic communication, can change learning strategy-beliefs, stimulate intentions to change ineffective strategy use, and raise awareness of desirable difficulties (i.e., difficulties produced by strategies that slow down the acquisition process but enhance long-term retention and transfer). Narratives and didactic communication did not differ in their change of erroneous beliefs and stimulate intentions to change, but narratives led to a higher awareness of the importance of desirable difficulties for learning.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101753
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Research
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Learning strategies
  • Narratives
  • Identification
  • Desirable difficulties
  • Practice testing
  • Distributed practice
  • PLANNED BEHAVIOR
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • BELIEFS
  • NEED
  • COMMUNICATION
  • STUDENTS
  • TRANSPORTATION
  • COGNITION
  • INTERVENTIONS
  • PERSUASION

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