State-wise Dynamics of the Double Burden of Malnutrition Among 15-49 Year-old Women in India: How Much Does the Scenario Change Considering Asian Population-specific BMI Cut-off Values?

A. Sengupta, F. Angeli, T.S. Syamala, C.P. van Schayck, P. Dagnelie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This article assesses the gravity of the "double burden of malnutrition" across 21 states of India, through a comparative analysis of traditional and Asian population-specific BMI categorizations for overweight and obesity. This study analyzes data on ever-married women (15-49 years) from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2, 1998-1999; NFHS-3, 2005-2006). Findings depict that Indian women tilt toward high BMI resulting in a co-existence of under- and overweight populations, which portray a regional pattern. With Asian population-specific cut-offs, 11 states can be classified as "double burden states"; however, following traditional categorization, only 4 states face such dual pressure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)618-638
Number of pages21
JournalEcology of Food and Nutrition
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • overweight
  • obesity
  • BMI cut-off points
  • nutrition transition
  • double burden of malnutrition
  • underweight
  • BODY-MASS-INDEX
  • OVERWEIGHT EXCEEDS UNDERWEIGHT
  • NUTRITION TRANSITION
  • DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES
  • PREDICT OVERWEIGHT
  • OVERNUTRITION
  • OBESITY
  • UNDERNUTRITION
  • DETERMINANTS
  • PATTERNS

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