Local arterial stiffness can be assessed with high accuracy and precision by measuring arterial distension on the basis of phase tracking of radiofrequency ultrasound signals acquired at a high frame rate. However, in clinical practice, B-mode ultrasound registrations are made at a low frame rate (20-50 Hz). We compared the accuracy and intra-subject precision of edge tracking and phase tracking distension in symptomatic carotid artery patients. B-mode ultrasound recordings (40 mm, 37 fps) and radiofrequency recordings (31 lines covering 29 mm, 300 fps) were acquired from the left common carotid artery of 30 patients (aged 45-88 y) with recent cerebrovascular events. To extract the distension, semi-automatic echo edge and phase tracking algorithms were applied to B-mode and radiofrequency recordings, respectively. Both methods exhibited a similar intra-subject precision for distension (standard deviation = 44 mu m and 47 mu m, p = 0.66) and mean distension (difference: -6 +/- 69 mu m, p = 0.67). Intra-subject distension inhomogeneity tends to be larger for edge tracking (difference: 15 +/- 35 mu m, p = 0.04). Standard B-mode scanners are suitable for measuring local artery characteristics in symptomatic carotid artery patients with good precision and accuracy.
|Journal||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2016|
- Arterial stiffness
- Carotid artery
- Edge detection
- Carotid atherosclerosis