Stabilin-1 mediates beneficial monocyte recruitment and tolerogenic macrophage programming during CVB3-induced viral myocarditis

Paolo Carai, Anna Pia Papageorgiou, Sophie Van Linthout, Sophie Deckx, Sebastiaan Velthuis, Esther Lutgens, Erwin Wijnands, Carsten Tschöpe, Christina Schmuttermaier, Julia Kzhyshkowska, Elizabeth Anne Vincent Jones, Stephane Heymans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Pathological innate and adaptive immune response upon viral infection may lead to cardiac injury and dysfunction. Stabilin-1 is a scavenger receptor that regulates several aspects of the innate immunity. Whether stabilin-1 affects the inflammatory response during viral myocarditis (VM) is entirely unknown. Here, we assess the role of stabilin-1 in the pathogenesis of VM and its suitability as a therapeutic target. Genetic loss of stabilin-1 increased mortality and cardiac necrosis in a mouse model of human Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-induced myocarditis. Absence of stabilin-1 significantly reduced monocyte recruitment and strongly reduced the number of alternatively activated anti-inflammatory macrophages in the heart, enhancing a pro-inflammatory cardiac niche with a detrimental T lymphocyte response during VM. Yeast two-hybrid screening, confirmed by affinity chromatography, identified fibronectin as a stabilin-1 interacting partner. Absence of stabilin-1 specifically decreased monocyte adhesion on extracellular fibronectin in vitro. Loss of Type III repeats Extra Domain A (EDA) of fibronectin during VM also increased the mortality and cardiac necrosis as in stabilin-1 knockout mice, with reduced monocytic cardiac recruitment and increased T lymphocyte response. Collectively, stabilin-1 has an immune-suppressive role of limiting myocardial damage during VM, regulating anti-inflammatory monocyte-recruitment to the site of inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume165
Early online date28 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

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