Within long-term care it is recognized that specialized housing and housing with services that support elderly people are an important contribution to quality of life. Older people are at risk for developing disabilities and diseases, such as a poor physical and/or mental health, chronic sensory impairment, and social isolation. Specialized housing models provide care services for older people and are instrumental to support their health and social care needs. Increasing residents' autonomy, supporting their independence, and trying to enable their own lifestyle for as long as possible are key goals of housing models. There are many specialized housing models across the world and their characteristics vary widely, which will be discussed in this entry. Innovative models of care focus on small-scale and homelike initiatives as an alternative to 24-hour care in traditional nursing homes, especially for people with dementia.