Source Reconstruction of Brain Potentials Using Bayesian Model Averaging to Analyze Face Intra-Domain vs. Face-Occupation Cross-Domain Processing

Ela I. Olivares*, Agustin Lage-Castellanos, Maria A. Bobes, Jaime Iglesias

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

We investigated the neural correlates of the access to and retrieval of face structure information in contrast to those concerning the access to and retrieval of person-related verbal information, triggered by faces. We experimentally induced stimulus familiarity via a systematic learning procedure including faces with and without associated verbal information. Then, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) in both intra-domain (face-feature) and cross-domain (face-occupation) matching tasks while N400-like responses were elicited by incorrect eyes-eyebrows completions and occupations, respectively. A novel Bayesian source reconstruction approach plus conjunction analysis of group effects revealed that in both cases the generated N170s were of similar amplitude but had different neural origin. Thus, whereas the N170 of faces was associated predominantly to right fusiform and occipital regions (the so-called "Fusiform Face Area", "FFA" and "Occipital Face Area", "OFA", respectively), the N170 of occupations was associated to a bilateral very posterior activity, suggestive of basic perceptual processes. Importantly, the right-sided perceptual P200 and the face-related N250 were evoked exclusively in the intra-domain task, with sources in OFA and extensively in the fusiform region, respectively. Regarding later latencies, the intradomain N400 seemed to be generated in right posterior brain regions encompassing mainly OFA and, to some extent, the FFA, likely reflecting neural operations triggered by structural incongruities. In turn, the cross-domain N400 was related to more anterior left-sided fusiform and temporal inferior sources, paralleling those described previously for the classic verbal N400. These results support the existence of differentiated neural streams for face structure and person-related verbal processing triggered by faces, which can be activated differentially according to specific task demands.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • brain potentials
  • ERPs
  • face recognition
  • neural sources
  • N170
  • N250
  • N400
  • P200
  • EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS
  • FALSE DISCOVERY RATE
  • NEWLY LEARNED FACES
  • LONG-LATENCY ERPS
  • PERSON RECOGNITION
  • TEMPORAL CORTEX
  • NEURAL SYSTEMS
  • ELECTROMAGNETIC TOMOGRAPHY
  • ACQUIRED PROSOPAGNOSIA
  • EVOKED-POTENTIALS

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