RationaleLaser microdissection-liquid vortex capture/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LMD-LVC/ESI-MS) has potential for on-line classification of tissue but an investigation into what analytical conditions provide best spectral differentiation has not been conducted. The effects of solvent, ionization polarity, and spectral acquisition parameters on differentiation of mouse brain tissue regions are described.
MethodsIndividual 40 x 40m microdissections from cortex, white, grey, granular, and nucleus regions of mouse brain tissue were analyzed using different capture/ESI solvents, in positive and negative ion mode ESI, using time-of-flight (TOF)-MS and sequential window acquisitions of all theoretical spectra (SWATH)-MS (a permutation of tandem-MS), and combinations thereof. Principal component analysis-linear discriminant analysis (PCA-LDA), applied to each mass spectral dataset, was used to determine the accuracy of differentiation of mouse brain tissue regions.
ResultsMass spectral differences associated with capture/ESI solvent composition manifested as altered relative distributions of ions rather than the presence or absence of unique ions. In negative ion mode ESI, 80/20 (v/v) methanol/water yielded spectra with low signal/noise ratios relative to other solvents. PCA-LDA models acquired using 90/10 (v/v) methanol/chloroform differentiated tissue regions with 100% accuracy while data collected using methanol misclassified some samples. The combination of SWATH-MS and TOF-MS data improved differentiation accuracy.
ConclusionsCombined TOF-MS and SWATH-MS data differentiated white, grey, granular, and nucleus mouse tissue regions with greater accuracy than when solely using TOF-MS data. Using 90/10 (v/v) methanol/chloroform, tissue regions were perfectly differentiated. These results will guide future studies looking to utilize the potential of LMD-LVC/ESI-MS for tissue and disease differentiation.
- DESORPTION ELECTROSPRAY-IONIZATION
- BIOLOGICAL TISSUE
- CELL CARCINOMAS
- LIPID ANALYSIS
- TUMOR SURGERY