Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health among Armenian Adolescents

Armen A. Torchyan*, Hans Bosma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We aimed to study the hypothesis of socioeconomic equalization in health among Armenian adolescents participating in the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children 2013/14 survey. Classes corresponding to the ages 11, 13, and 15 were selected using a clustered sampling design. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used. In a nationally representative sample of 3679 students, adolescents with a low family socioeconomic position (SEP) had greater odds of reporting less than good health (odds ratio (OR) = 2.81, 95% CI = 2.25-3.51), low psychosocial well-being (OR = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.44-2.61), or psychosomatic symptoms (OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.07-1.56). Low levels of material well-being were associated with a higher likelihood of reporting less than good health (OR = 1.32, 95% CI = 1.06-1.65) or low psychosocial well-being (OR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.04-1.54). The presence of both risk factors had a synergistic effect on having low psychosocial well-being (P-interaction = 0.031). Refuting the equalization hypothesis, our results indicate that low SEP might be strongly related to adolescent health in middle-income countries such as Armenia. Low material well-being also proved important, and, for further research, we hypothesized an association via decreased peer social status and compromised popularity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4055
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • adolescent
  • Armenia
  • equalization
  • HBSC
  • health status
  • material well-being
  • popularity
  • psychosocial well-being
  • psychosomatic symptoms
  • socioeconomic status

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