Sociocognitive predictors of the intention of healthcare workers to receive the influenza vaccine in Belgian, Dutch and German hospital settings

B.A. Lehmann, R.A.C. Ruiter, D. van Dam, S. Wicker, G. Kok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) is recommended to prevent the transmission of influenza to vulnerable patients. Nevertheless, vaccination coverage rates of HCWs in European countries have been low. AIM: To investigate the relative and combined strength of sociocognitive variables, from past research, theory and a qualitative study, in explaining the motivation of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine. METHODS: An anonymous, online questionnaire was distributed among HCWs in hospital settings in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands between February and April 2013. FINDINGS: Attitude and past vaccination uptake explained a considerable amount of variance in the intention of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine. Moreover, low perceived social norms, omission bias, low moral norms, being older, having no patient contact, and being Belgian or Dutch (compared with German) increased the probability of having no intention to receive the influenza vaccine compared with being undecided about vaccination. High intention to receive the influenza vaccine was shown to be more likely than being undecided about vaccination when HCWs had high perceived susceptibility of contracting influenza, low naturalistic views, and lower motivation to receive the vaccine solely for self-protection. CONCLUSION: Country-specific interventions and a focus on different sociocognitive variables depending on the intention/lack of intention of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine may be beneficial to promote vaccination uptake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-209
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
Volume89
Issue number3
Early online date16 Dec 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • ACQUIRED INFLUENZA
  • Healthcare personnel
  • Hospital
  • Influenza vaccination
  • PERSONNEL
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • RATES
  • RISK
  • Sociocognitive predictors

Cite this

@article{66dc92fa9ca74f93ac2efcc78fc1a63f,
title = "Sociocognitive predictors of the intention of healthcare workers to receive the influenza vaccine in Belgian, Dutch and German hospital settings",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) is recommended to prevent the transmission of influenza to vulnerable patients. Nevertheless, vaccination coverage rates of HCWs in European countries have been low. AIM: To investigate the relative and combined strength of sociocognitive variables, from past research, theory and a qualitative study, in explaining the motivation of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine. METHODS: An anonymous, online questionnaire was distributed among HCWs in hospital settings in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands between February and April 2013. FINDINGS: Attitude and past vaccination uptake explained a considerable amount of variance in the intention of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine. Moreover, low perceived social norms, omission bias, low moral norms, being older, having no patient contact, and being Belgian or Dutch (compared with German) increased the probability of having no intention to receive the influenza vaccine compared with being undecided about vaccination. High intention to receive the influenza vaccine was shown to be more likely than being undecided about vaccination when HCWs had high perceived susceptibility of contracting influenza, low naturalistic views, and lower motivation to receive the vaccine solely for self-protection. CONCLUSION: Country-specific interventions and a focus on different sociocognitive variables depending on the intention/lack of intention of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine may be beneficial to promote vaccination uptake.",
keywords = "ACQUIRED INFLUENZA, Healthcare personnel, Hospital, Influenza vaccination, PERSONNEL, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, RATES, RISK, Sociocognitive predictors",
author = "B.A. Lehmann and R.A.C. Ruiter and {van Dam}, D. and S. Wicker and G. Kok",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhin.2014.11.009",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "202--209",
journal = "Journal of Hospital Infection",
issn = "0195-6701",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "3",

}

Sociocognitive predictors of the intention of healthcare workers to receive the influenza vaccine in Belgian, Dutch and German hospital settings. / Lehmann, B.A.; Ruiter, R.A.C.; van Dam, D.; Wicker, S.; Kok, G.

In: Journal of Hospital Infection, Vol. 89, No. 3, 03.2015, p. 202-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sociocognitive predictors of the intention of healthcare workers to receive the influenza vaccine in Belgian, Dutch and German hospital settings

AU - Lehmann, B.A.

AU - Ruiter, R.A.C.

AU - van Dam, D.

AU - Wicker, S.

AU - Kok, G.

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) is recommended to prevent the transmission of influenza to vulnerable patients. Nevertheless, vaccination coverage rates of HCWs in European countries have been low. AIM: To investigate the relative and combined strength of sociocognitive variables, from past research, theory and a qualitative study, in explaining the motivation of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine. METHODS: An anonymous, online questionnaire was distributed among HCWs in hospital settings in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands between February and April 2013. FINDINGS: Attitude and past vaccination uptake explained a considerable amount of variance in the intention of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine. Moreover, low perceived social norms, omission bias, low moral norms, being older, having no patient contact, and being Belgian or Dutch (compared with German) increased the probability of having no intention to receive the influenza vaccine compared with being undecided about vaccination. High intention to receive the influenza vaccine was shown to be more likely than being undecided about vaccination when HCWs had high perceived susceptibility of contracting influenza, low naturalistic views, and lower motivation to receive the vaccine solely for self-protection. CONCLUSION: Country-specific interventions and a focus on different sociocognitive variables depending on the intention/lack of intention of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine may be beneficial to promote vaccination uptake.

AB - BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) is recommended to prevent the transmission of influenza to vulnerable patients. Nevertheless, vaccination coverage rates of HCWs in European countries have been low. AIM: To investigate the relative and combined strength of sociocognitive variables, from past research, theory and a qualitative study, in explaining the motivation of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine. METHODS: An anonymous, online questionnaire was distributed among HCWs in hospital settings in Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands between February and April 2013. FINDINGS: Attitude and past vaccination uptake explained a considerable amount of variance in the intention of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine. Moreover, low perceived social norms, omission bias, low moral norms, being older, having no patient contact, and being Belgian or Dutch (compared with German) increased the probability of having no intention to receive the influenza vaccine compared with being undecided about vaccination. High intention to receive the influenza vaccine was shown to be more likely than being undecided about vaccination when HCWs had high perceived susceptibility of contracting influenza, low naturalistic views, and lower motivation to receive the vaccine solely for self-protection. CONCLUSION: Country-specific interventions and a focus on different sociocognitive variables depending on the intention/lack of intention of HCWs to receive the influenza vaccine may be beneficial to promote vaccination uptake.

KW - ACQUIRED INFLUENZA

KW - Healthcare personnel

KW - Hospital

KW - Influenza vaccination

KW - PERSONNEL

KW - RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL

KW - RATES

KW - RISK

KW - Sociocognitive predictors

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhin.2014.11.009

DO - 10.1016/j.jhin.2014.11.009

M3 - Article

VL - 89

SP - 202

EP - 209

JO - Journal of Hospital Infection

JF - Journal of Hospital Infection

SN - 0195-6701

IS - 3

ER -