Social-cognitive determinants of condom use in a cohort of young gay and bisexual men

D. Franssens*, H.J. Hospers, G.J. Kok

*Corresponding author for this work

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The aim of this prospective study was to identify relevant determinants of young gay and bisexual men's (YGBM) condom use when having anal sex with casual partners. Respondents (185 YGBM in the midst of their coming out; mean age 18.9 years) completed an online questionnaire on social-cognitive determinants of condoms use derived from the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1991) at Wave 1. At six months follow-up (Wave 2) sexual behavior with casual partners was assessed. A total of 63 YGBM reported sex with a casual partner in the six months between Waves 1 and 2, of whom 49% (N = 31) had anal sex. Of the YGBM who had anal sex, 42% (N = 13) had unprotected anal sex. Condom use with casual partners was best predicted by the intention to always use condoms. Furthermore, attitude, descriptive and personal norms, and perceived control significantly predicted intention to always use condoms. Interventions, targeting YGBM, aiming to promote condom use with casual partners should focus on increasing attitudes and strengthening skills to negotiate and use condoms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1471-1479
JournalAids Care-Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of Aids/Hiv
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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