Smoking cessation and development of respiratory health in smokers screened with normal spirometry

Daniel Kotz*, Geertjan Wesseling, Paul Aveyard, Onno C. P. van Schayck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Case-finding of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (CORD) using spirometry may deter people with normal lung function from stopping smoking. The objective of this study was to observe the percentage of smokers screened with normal lung function that quit smoking. Methods: As part of a study on early detection of COPD, 518 smokers were screened with normal lung function (post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC >= 70%). They were invited for a follow-up measurement after an average of 2.4 years. Non-smoking was validated by carbon monoxide ( 0.05 for all comparisons). The average decline in post-bronchodilator FEV1 was 26 mL/year, which was unrelated to smoking status at follow-up. Non-smokers showed a clinically meaningful and statistically significant (p <0.001) improvement in CCQ respiratory symptoms (-0.96) and total score (-0.51). Conclusions: Our results do not suggest that early detection of airflow limitation to motivate smoking cessation reduces the rate of quitting in smokers shown to have normal lung function. Such smokers should be advised to quit smoking on the grounds that they are likely to improve their respiratory health in the short term and reduce their risk for smoking related diseases in the long term.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Early detection
  • Spirometry
  • Smoking cessation
  • Prospective cohort study

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