Smart Combinations of Bioactive Compounds in Fruits and Vegetables May Guide New Strategies for Personalized Prevention of Chronic Diseases

Simone G. J. van Breda*, Theo M. C. M. de Kok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

44 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

There is ample scientific evidence suggesting that the health benefits of eating the right amounts of a variety of vegetables and fruit are the consequence of the combined action of different phytochemicals. The present review provides an update of the scientific literature on additive and synergistic effects of mixtures of phytochemicals. Most research has been carried out in in vitro systems in which synergistic or additive effects have been established on the level of cell proliferation, apoptosis, antioxidant capacity, and tumor incidence, accompanied by changes in gene and protein expression in relevant pathways underlying molecular mechanisms of disease prevention. The number of human dietary intervention studies investigating complex mixtures of phytochemicals is relatively small, but showing promising results. These studies have demonstrated that combining transcriptomic data with phenotypic markers provide insight into the relevant cellular processes which contribute to the antioxidant response of complex mixtures of phytochemicals. Future studies should be designed as short-term studies testing different combinations of vegetables and fruit, in which markers for disease outcome as well as molecular ('omics)-markers and genetic variability between subjects are included. This will create new opportunities for food innovation and the development of more personalized strategies for prevention of chronic diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1700597
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Nutrition & Food Research
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • bioactive compounds
  • chronic diseases
  • complex mixtures
  • food synergy
  • personalized nutrition
  • HUMAN LUNG-CANCER
  • PROSTATE-CANCER
  • CELL-PROLIFERATION
  • MOLECULAR TARGETS
  • GENE-EXPRESSION
  • ANTICANCER ACTIVITY
  • HEALTH-BENEFITS
  • DNA-DAMAGE
  • PHYTOCHEMICALS
  • RESVERATROL

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