Small or big in the eyes of the other: on the developmental psychopathology of self-conscious emotions as shame, guilt, and pride

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The self-conscious emotions of guilt, shame, and pride typically occur when people evaluate their own self through the eyes of another person. This article will first of all discuss the nature and function of self-conscious emotions, and describe their developmental course in children and adolescents. Then, a number of variables are discussed that are thought to increase young people's proneness to experience self-conscious emotions. Following this, the empirical evidence on the relationships between guilt, shame, and pride and various types of psychopathology in children and adolescents will be summarized. A model is presented to explain why these self-conscious emotions are associated with a diversity of psychopathological outcomes. Finally, recommendations for clinical practice are made in terms of assessment and interventions targeting the origins and sequelae of self-conscious emotions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-40
Number of pages22
JournalClinical Child and Family Psychology Review
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Self-conscious emotions
  • Guilt
  • Shame
  • Pride
  • Psychopathology
  • Children and adolescents
  • DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
  • FAMILY-THERAPY
  • SOCIAL-STATUS
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • CHILDREN
  • ATTACHMENT
  • CHILDHOOD
  • ANTECEDENTS
  • PREDICTORS

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