Sleep normalization and decrease in dissociative experiences: Evaluation in an inpatient sample

D. van der Kloet, T.M. Giesbrecht, S.J. Lynn, H.L.G.J. Merckelbach, A. de Zutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate the relation between sleep experiences and dissociative symptoms in a mixed inpatient sample at a private clinic evaluated on arrival and at discharge 6 to 8 weeks later. Using hierarchical regression analyses and structural equation modeling, we found a link between sleep experiences and dissociative symptoms and determined that specifically decreases in narcoleptic experiences rather than insomnia accompany a reduction in dissociative symptoms. Although sleep improvements were associated with a general reduction in psychopathology, this reduction could not fully account for the substantial and specific effect that we found for dissociation. Our findings are consistent with Watson's (2001) hypothesis that disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle lead to intrusions of sleep phenomena into waking consciousness, resulting in dissociative experiences. Accordingly, sleep hygiene may contribute to the treatment or prevention of dissociative symptoms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-150
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • dissociative experiences
  • unusual sleep experiences
  • sleep hygiene
  • DEPERSONALIZATION DISORDER
  • PATHOLOGICAL DISSOCIATION
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS
  • RELIABILITY
  • DEPRESSION
  • VALIDITY
  • SCORES
  • VALIDATION
  • DIAGNOSIS

Cite this

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title = "Sleep normalization and decrease in dissociative experiences: Evaluation in an inpatient sample",
abstract = "We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate the relation between sleep experiences and dissociative symptoms in a mixed inpatient sample at a private clinic evaluated on arrival and at discharge 6 to 8 weeks later. Using hierarchical regression analyses and structural equation modeling, we found a link between sleep experiences and dissociative symptoms and determined that specifically decreases in narcoleptic experiences rather than insomnia accompany a reduction in dissociative symptoms. Although sleep improvements were associated with a general reduction in psychopathology, this reduction could not fully account for the substantial and specific effect that we found for dissociation. Our findings are consistent with Watson's (2001) hypothesis that disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle lead to intrusions of sleep phenomena into waking consciousness, resulting in dissociative experiences. Accordingly, sleep hygiene may contribute to the treatment or prevention of dissociative symptoms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)",
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Sleep normalization and decrease in dissociative experiences: Evaluation in an inpatient sample. / van der Kloet, D.; Giesbrecht, T.M.; Lynn, S.J.; Merckelbach, H.L.G.J.; de Zutter, A.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 121, No. 1, 02.2012, p. 140-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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