IntroductionPhysical inactivity significantly contributes to loss of muscle mass and performance in bed-bound patients. Loss of skeletal muscle mitochondrial content has been well-established in muscle unloading models, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. We hypothesized that apparent unloading-induced loss of muscle mitochondrial content is preceded by increased mitophagy- and decreased mitochondrial biogenesis-signaling during the early stages of unloading.
MethodsWe analyzed a comprehensive set of molecular markers involved in mitochondrial-autophagy, -biogenesis, -dynamics, and -content, in the gastrocnemius muscle of C57BL/6J mice subjected to 0- and 3-days hind limb suspension, and in biopsies from human vastus lateralis muscle obtained before and after 7days of one-leg immobilization.
ResultsIn both mice and men, short-term skeletal muscle unloading results in molecular marker patterns indicative of increased receptor-mediated mitophagy and decreased mitochondrial biogenesis regulation, before apparent loss of mitochondrial content.
DiscussionThese results emphasize the early-onset of skeletal muscle disuse-induced mitochondrial remodeling.
- mitochondrial biogenesis
- muscle unloading
- skeletal muscle
- LEG IMMOBILIZATION
- SOLEUS MUSCLE