Sickness Absence of Nurses Working in Residential Elder Care The Essential Role of Psychosocial Job Resources and Home Demands

Velibor Peters*, Angelique E. de Rijk, Josephine A. Engels, Inge Houkes, Jan Joosten, Ijmert Kant

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Objectives: To elucidate the role and pathways of psychosocial home demands, psychosocial home resources, and psychosocial job resources in relation to sickness absence among nurses working in residential elder care. Methods: Longitudinal (SEM) analyses with bootstrapping with a 1 year follow-up among 365 nurses were performed. Survey data and registered sickness absence data were used. Results: A complete mediation model showed the best fit. More psychosocial job resources (b = -1.50) like "work schedule fit with private life" predicted less and more psychosocial home demands (b = 0.62) predicted more psychosomatic health complaints. The job resources and home demands predicted sickness absence duration and episodes 1-year later mediated through nurses' health. Conclusions: More attention is needed for nurses' work schedule fit with private life and their home demands to potentially reduce health-related sickness absence among nurses working in residential elder care.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E445-E454
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume60
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Keywords

  • conservation of resources theory
  • longitudinal study
  • mediation analysis
  • motivation
  • psychosomatic health complaints
  • registered sickness absence
  • structural equation modeling
  • survey
  • EMPLOYEE WORKTIME CONTROL
  • SOCIAL SUPPORT
  • EMOTIONAL EXHAUSTION
  • OCCUPATIONAL-HEALTH
  • DOMESTIC WORK
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • FIT INDEXES
  • PERFORMANCE
  • SCHEDULES
  • SHIFT

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