Short-Term Psychiatric Rehabilitation in Major Depressive and Bipolar Disorders: Neuropsychological-Psychosocial Outcomes

Giampaolo Perna*, Silvia Dacco, Ferdinando Sacco, Wilma Micieli, Paolo Cavedini, Daniela Caldirola

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Objective Our pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of a Short-Term (4 weeks) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program (S-T PsyRP), without specific cognitive remediation trainings, on the neuropsychological performance and psychosocial functioning of inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Bipolar Disorder (BD). Published studies with similar aims are lacking.

Methods Fifty-three inpatients with MDD and 27 with BD (type I/II) were included. The S-T PsyRP was usually performed as clinical practice at Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital and included a variety of activities aimed at promoting personal autonomies, interpersonal/social skills, and self-care. At the beginning and the end of the hospitalization we evaluated: neuropsychological performance (cognitive tests on verbal/visual working memory, attention, visual-constructive ability, language fluency, and comprehension); psychosocial functioning by the Rehabilitation Areas Form (RAF, handbook VADO); illness severity by the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). Repeated -measure ANOVA and Pearson's linear correlation were used.

Results We found significant improvement (p

Conclusion A S-T PsyRP without specific cognitive remediation trainings may improve several cognitive/functional domains in MDD or BD inpatients, probably by offering opportunities to engage in demanding problem-solving conditions and cognitively stimulating activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalPsychiatry Investigation
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Rehabilitation
  • Neuropsychology
  • Psychosocial
  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorder
  • COGNITIVE REMEDIATION
  • MOOD DISORDERS
  • RATING-SCALE
  • IMPAIRMENT
  • TRIAL
  • INTERVENTIONS
  • DISABILITY
  • DEMENTIA
  • DEFICITS
  • THERAPY

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