Short report: self-reported psychopathic traits in Finnish and Dutch samples of non-referred adolescents: exploration of cultural differences

Svetlana Oshukova, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Sanne Hillege, Corine de Ruiter, Grigori Joffe, Jouko Miettunen, Riikka Marttila, Mauri Marttunen, Matti Kaivosoja, Nina Lindberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Background: Culture-related differences in psychopathic traits have been reported for adults, but for adolescents such knowledge is lacking. The aim of this cross-national study was to compare self-reported psychopathic traits between Finnish and Dutch samples of mid-adolescent community youth. Methods: The Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI) was filled in by 372 Finnish and 474 Dutch 15- to 16-year-old pupils. As gender-specific differences exist in psychopathic traits, we analyzed the data separately for boys and girls. Results: Dutch boys scored significantly higher than Finnish boys on total and all dimensional scores of the YPI as well as on most sub-dimensional scores. Dutch girls scored significantly higher than Finnish girls on the Affective dimension and on the two corresponding sub-dimensions: remorselessness and callousness. Finnish girls scored significantly higher on grandiosity, which loads to the Interpersonal dimension of the YPI. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that culture influences the manifestation of psychopathic traits already in adolescence and that this relation is more prominent in boys.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalChild and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2016


  • Adolescents
  • Cultural differences
  • Psychopathic traits

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