Sham tDCS: A hidden source of variability? Reflections for further blinded, controlled trials

Clara Fonteneau, Marine Mondino, Martijn Arns, Chris Baeken, Marom Bikson, Andre R Brunoni, Matthew J Burke, Tuomas Neuvonen, Frank Padberg, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Emmanuel Poulet, Giulio Ruffini, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Anne Sauvaget, Klaus Schellhorn, Marie-Françoise Suaud-Chagny, Ulrich Palm, Jérome Brunelin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)668-673
Number of pages6
JournalBrain stimulation
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Research Design/standards
  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation/standards
  • DIRECT-CURRENT STIMULATION
  • RANDOMIZED-CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • SAFETY
  • Sham
  • Variability
  • HEALTHY-HUMAN SUBJECTS
  • Transcranial direct current stimulation
  • TRANSCRANIAL ELECTRICAL-STIMULATION
  • HUMAN MOTOR CORTEX
  • MAGNETIC STIMULATION
  • MEP AMPLITUDE-MODULATION
  • EXCITABILITY
  • Reproducibility
  • tDCS
  • Placebo
  • POLARIZATION

Cite this

Fonteneau, C., Mondino, M., Arns, M., Baeken, C., Bikson, M., Brunoni, A. R., Burke, M. J., Neuvonen, T., Padberg, F., Pascual-Leone, A., Poulet, E., Ruffini, G., Santarnecchi, E., Sauvaget, A., Schellhorn, K., Suaud-Chagny, M-F., Palm, U., & Brunelin, J. (2019). Sham tDCS: A hidden source of variability? Reflections for further blinded, controlled trials. Brain stimulation, 12(3), 668-673. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2018.12.977