Sexual Dimorphism in the Transition From Masked to Sustained Hypertension in Healthy Youths

Empar Lurbe*, Lutgarde Thijs, Maria Isabel Torro, Julio Alvarez, Jan A. Staessen, Josep Redon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The risk and factors related to the development of hypertension among healthy youths with elevated ambulatory and normal conventional blood pressure, masked hypertension, have not been established. We performed a long-term follow-up study assessing how hypertension develops over time in healthy, masked hypertensive youths. The potential sex dimorphism in the incidence and timing of the development of hypertension has been analyzed. In a long-term follow-up study (median follow-up, 36 months), we enrolled 272 healthy conventional normotensive youths (aged 6-18 years; 55.8% girls) of whom 39 had masked hypertension at baseline. Development of sustained hypertension (hypertension in both conventional and ambulatory measurement) was recorded. The daytime systolic blood pressure increased from baseline to last available follow-up in boys (3.5 mmHg; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-414
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013


  • ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
  • child
  • hypertension
  • masked hypertension
  • sex dimorphism

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