Background: Heart failure (HF) is a multifactorial syndrome with pathophysiological complexities still not fully understood. Higher mean platelet volume (MPV), a potential marker of platelet activation, and high concentrations of parathyroid hormone (PTH) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of HF.
Aim: This study aims to investigate sex-specifically the association between PTH concentrations and platelet indices in phenotypes of HF.
Methods and Results: PTH and platelet indices (MPV and platelet count) were available in 1,896 participants from the MyoVasc study in Mainz, Germany. Multivariable linear regression models, adjusted for age, sex, season, vitamin D status, cardiovascular risk factors, comorbidities, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and medication, were used to assess the associations between platelet indices and PTH. The results showed distinct sex-specific associations between PTH and platelet indices. A positive association between PTH and MPV was found in females with symptomatic HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) only [beta = 0.60 (0.19; 1.00)]. Platelet count was inversely associated with PTH in male HFrEF individuals [beta = -7.6 (-15; -0.30)] and in both males and females with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).
Conclusion: This study reports differential, sex-specific relationships between PTH and platelet indices in HF individuals independent of vitamin D status and clinical profile. Particularly in phenotypes of symptomatic HF, distinct associations were observed, suggesting a sex-specific mechanism involved in the interaction between PTH and platelets.
- heart failure
- platelet count
- parathyroid hormone
- heart failure with preserved ejection fraction
- heart failure with reduced ejection fraction