Severe pulmonary toxicity associated with inhalation of pyrethroid-based domestic insecticides (Bop/Sapolio): a case series and literature review

A.D.M. Vorselaars*, P.M. van den Berg, M. Drent

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose of review The current review focuses on serious pulmonary toxicity after inhalation of over the counter available pyrethroid-based insecticides. Pyrethroid is a synthetic product of pyrethrin, which in turn is the active ingredient of pyrethrum, a flower extract. Recent findings On the contrary, a large gap of knowledge exists in the association of interstitial lung disease (ILD) with pyrethroids. So far, two cases of ILD, one associated with pyrethrin and one associated with pyrethrum, were described. Existing literature on both other (pulmo)toxic effects of pyrethroids in human and animals is summarized. We present three cases of severe pulmonary toxicity after inhalation of pyrethroid-based insecticides demanding hospitalization and oxygen therapy. One of these cases died. Although a causal relationship was hard to establish, these cases all demonstrated an obvious history of (repeated) pyrethroid exposure associated with ILD. Moreover, other causes of ILD as well as infections were excluded. Furthermore, studies in mammals as well as aquatic animals confirm (pulmonary) toxicity of pyrethroids. The occurrence of toxicity is dose-dependent but also associated with individual susceptibility. Therefore, we would like to acknowledge that awareness of potential hazards of commercially available insecticides containing pyrethroids to both medical physicians and the public is mandatory.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • herbicides
  • interstitial lung diseases
  • pesticides
  • pulmonary toxicity
  • pyrethrin
  • pyrethroid
  • pyrethrum
  • HYPERSENSITIVITY PNEUMONITIS
  • BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE
  • MOLECULAR-MECHANISMS
  • LUNG-DISEASES
  • EXPOSURE
  • PHOTODEGRADATION
  • DELTAMETHRIN
  • PESTICIDES
  • SYNERGIST

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