Serogroup distribution of urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis in urban ethnic groups in The Netherlands

S.P. Verweij, K.D. Quint, C.J. Bax, A.P. van Leeuwen, J.A.E.M. Mutsaers, C.L. Jansen, P.M. Oostvogel, S. Ouburg, S.A. Morré, R.P.H. Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis varies between ethnic groups in The Netherlands. It is, however, unknown whether this is associated with specific serogroups. The objective of this study was to determine whether serogroup distribution is associated with ethnic origin in the region of The Hague, The Netherlands. Serogroups of 370 microbiologically confirmed C. trachomatis-positive samples were analysed. The samples were obtained from 247 women and 123 men between January and October 2008, of self-reported Dutch Caucasian, Dutch Antillean, Surinamese, N. African/Turkish or other descent. We observed a difference in serogroup distribution comparing Dutch Caucasian women to Dutch Antillean women (chi(2) for distribution P=0 center dot 035). Serogroup C was more common in Dutch Antillean women, whereas serogroup B was less common (P=0 center dot 03). This difference was not observed for Dutch Antillean men. The observed difference in distribution of C. trachomatis serogroups between ethnic groups is relevant for further transmission studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-414
Number of pages6
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume142
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Chlamydia
  • serogroup
  • ethnicity
  • SEROVARS
  • RISK

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