Sequential intra-arterial infusion of 90Y-resin microspheres and mitomycin C in chemo refractory liver metastatic breast cancer patients: a single centre pilot study

Brigitte Maximiliana Aarts, Elisabeth Genevieve Klompenhouwer, Raphaela Carmen Dresen, Christophe Michel Albert Louis Omer Deroose, Regina Gien Hoa Beets-Tan, Kevin Punie, Patrick Neven, Hans Wildiers, Geert Maleux*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of intra-arterial mitomycin C (MMC) infusion after selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) using Yttrium-90 (Y-90) resin microspheres in liver metastatic breast cancer (LMBC) patients.

Patients and methods. The prospective pilot study included LMBC patients from 2012-2018.Patients first received infusion of Y-90 resin microspheres, after 6-8 weeks response to treatment was assessed by MRI, F-18-FDG PET/CT and laboratory tests. After exclusion of progressive disease, MMC infusion was administrated 8 weeks later in different dose cohorts; A: 6 mg in 1 cycle, B: 12 mg in 2 cycles, C: 24 mg in 2 cycles and D: maximum of 72 mg in 6 cycles. In cohort D the response was evaluated after every 2 cycles and continued after exclusion of progressive disease. Adverse events (AE) were reported according to CTCAE version 5.0.

Results. Sixteen patients received Y-90 treatment. Four patients were excluded for MMC infusion, because of extra hepatic disease progression (n = 3) and clinical and biochemical instability (n = 1). That resulted in the following number of patient per cohort; A: 2, B: 1, C: 3 and D: 6. In 4 of the 12 patients (all cohort D) the maximum dose of MMC was adjusted due biochemical toxicities (n = 2) and progressive disease (n = 2). One grade 3 AE occurred after Y-90 treatment consisting of a gastrointestinal ulcer whereby prolonged hospitalization was needed.

Conclusions. Sequential treatment of infra-arterial infusion of MMC after Y-90 SIRT was feasible in 75% of the patients when MMC was administrated in different escalating dose cohorts. However, caution is needed to prevent reflux after Y-90 SIRT in LMBC patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalRadiology and Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • liver metastatic breast cancer
  • chemo resistant
  • infra-arterial therapy
  • radioembolization
  • selective internal radiation therapy
  • mitomycin C infusion

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