Selective striatal neuron loss and alterations in behavior correlate with impaired striatal function in Huntington's disease transgenic rats

O. Kantor, Y. Temel, C. Holzmann, K. Raber, H.P. Nguyen, C. Cao, H.O. Turkoglu, B.P. Rutten, V. Visser-Vandewalle, H.W. Steinbusch, A. Blokland, H. Korr, O. Riess, S. von Horsten, C. Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by selective striatal neuron loss and motor, cognitive and affective disturbances. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis of adult-onset neuron loss in striatum and frontal cortical layer V as well as alterations in behavior pointing to impaired striatal function in a recently developed transgenic rat model of HD (tgHD rats) exhibiting enlarged ventricles, striatal atrophy and pycnotic pyramidal cells in frontal cortical layer V. High-precision design-based stereological analysis revealed a reduced mean total number of neurons in the striatum but not in frontal cortical layer V of 12-month-old tgHD rats compared with age-matched wild-type controls. No alterations in mean total numbers of striatal neurons were found in 6-month-old animals. Testing 14-month-old animals in a choice reaction time task indicated impaired striatal function of tgHD rats compared with controls.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)538-547
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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