Scientific Productivity and Academic Promotion: A Study on French and Italian Physicists.

F. Lissoni, J. Mairesse, F. Montobbio, M. Pezzoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The article examines the determinants of scientific productivity (number of articles and journals' impact factor) for a panel of about 3600 French and Italian academic physicists active in 2004-2005. Endogeneity problems concerning promotion and productivity are addressed by specifying a generalized Tobit model, in which a selection probit equation accounts for the individual scientist's probability of promotion to her present rank, and a productivity regression estimates the effects of age, gender, cohort of entry, and collaboration characteristics, conditional on the scientist's rank. We find that the size and international nature of collaborative projects and co-authors' past productivity have very significant impacts on current productivity, while age, gender, and past productivity are also influential determinants of both productivity and probability of promotion. Furthermore we show that the stop and go policies of recruitment and promotion, typical of the Italian and French centralized academic systems of governance, can leave significant long-lasting cohort effects on research productivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-294
Number of pages42
JournalIndustrial and Corporate Change
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • C23
  • I23
  • J40
  • O30
  • SEX-DIFFERENCES
  • SELECTION BIAS
  • SCIENCE
  • NATIONS
  • CAREERS
  • IMPACT

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