Schema therapy is a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) development mainly for the treatment of personality disorders and other chronic mental disorders. It is characterized by an integration of cognitive, emotional and behavioral intervention methods derived from different therapeutic approaches with an emphasis on a specifically supportive therapeutic relationship. The original approach focused mainly on early maladaptive schemas. Current developments, however, concentrate on the concept of schema modes, describing different schema-associated emotional states. The schema mode approach is also used for specific case concepts for personality disorders. Effectiveness of schema therapy has been shown for borderline personality disorder. Current studies investigate the effectiveness of schema therapy for patients with other chronic mental conditions and as a group therapy approach. This paper provides an overview about case conceptualization and treatment, presents main research findings and discusses open questions and problems.
- BORDERLINE PERSONALITY-DISORDER
- Borderline personality disorder
- Cognitive therapy
- IMAGINAL EXPOSURE
- OUTPATIENT PSYCHOTHERAPY
- Personality disorders
- TRANSFERENCE-FOCUSED PSYCHOTHERAPY