RT-based memory detection: Item saliency effects in the single-probe and the multiple-probe protocol

B. Verschuere, B. Kleinberg, K. Theocharidou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

RT-based memory detection may provide an efficient means to assess recognition of concealed information. There is, however, considerable heterogeneity in detection rates, and we explored two potential moderators: item saliency and test protocol. Participants tried to conceal low salient (e.g., favourite colour) and high salient items (e.g., first name) and were tested with either the single-probe protocol or the multiple-probe protocol. Experiment 1 was a laboratory study with knowledgeable individuals only (n = 47). Experiment 2 was an Internet study (n = 283) that also included unknowledgeable individuals. High salient items were better detected than low salient items in the laboratory, but not the Internet study (in which the item saliency manipulation was less successful). The multiple-probe protocol outperformed the single-probe protocol in both studies. We conclude that pronounced differences in item saliency affect the validity of RT-based memory detection, and we recommend the multiple-probe protocol for RT-based memory detection. (C) 2015 Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-65
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

Keywords

  • CONCEALED INFORMATION
  • Concealed information
  • DECEPTION
  • Deception
  • GUILTY KNOWLEDGE TEST
  • Lie detection
  • Memory detection
  • Polygraph
  • RESPONSES
  • Reaction time
  • TIME MEASURES
  • VALIDITY

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