Risk factors for lung disease progression in children with cystic fibrosis

Marieke van Horck, Kim van de Kant*, Bjorn Winkens, Geertjan Wesseling, Vincent Gulmans, Han Hendriks, Chris van der Grinten, Quirijn Jobsis, Edward Dompeling

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

To identify potential risk factors for lung disease progression in children with cystic fibrosis (CF), we studied the longitudinal data of all children with CF (aged. 5 years) registered in the Dutch CF Registry (2009-2014). Lung disease progression was expressed as a decline in lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) % pred) and pulmonary exacerbation rate. Potential risk factors at baseline included sex, age, best FEV1 % pred, best forced vital capacity % pred, genotype, body mass index z-score, pancreatic insufficiency, medication use (proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), prophylactic antibiotics and inhaled corticosteroids), CF-related diabetes, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and colonisation with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The data of 545 children were analysed. PPI use was associated with both annual decline of FEV1 % pred (p=0.017) and future pulmonary exacerbation rate (p=0.006). Moreover, lower FEV1 % pred at baseline (p=0.007), prophylactic inhaled antibiotic use (p=0.006) and pulmonary exacerbations in the baseline year (p=0.002) were related to pulmonary exacerbations in subsequent years. In a cohort of Dutch children with CF followed for 5 years, we were able to identify several risk factors for future exacerbations. In particular, the association between PPI use and lung disease progression definitely requires further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1702509
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • FORCED EXPIRATORY VOLUME
  • PULMONARY EXACERBATIONS
  • YOUNG-CHILDREN
  • PSEUDOMONAS-AERUGINOSA
  • DECLINE
  • ADULTS
  • FEV1
  • PREDICTORS
  • EQUATIONS
  • CARE

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