Retirement and cognitive development in the Netherlands: Are the retired really inactive?

A. de Grip, A. Dupuy, J. Jolles, M. van Boxtel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
35 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper uses longitudinal data to analyze the relation between retirement and cognitive development in the Netherlands. Controlling for individual fixed effects and lagged cognition, we find that retirees face lower declines in their cognitive flexibility than those who remain employed, which appears to be persistent 6 years after retirement. However, the information processing speed of low-educated retirees declines faster. The magnitude of both changes in cognition is such that retirees appear 5-6 years younger in terms of cognitive flexibility, and older in terms of information processing speed. We show that these relationships between retirement and cognitive development cannot be explained by (1) feeling relieved from routine work, (2) changes in mood, (3) changes in lifestyle, and (4) changes in blood pressure. The decline in information processing speed after retirement particularly holds for the low educated. This could increase the social costs of an aging society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-169
JournalEconomics & Human Biology
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Cite this

@article{3447a21c4a7746dbb7b53512bb907102,
title = "Retirement and cognitive development in the Netherlands: Are the retired really inactive?",
abstract = "This paper uses longitudinal data to analyze the relation between retirement and cognitive development in the Netherlands. Controlling for individual fixed effects and lagged cognition, we find that retirees face lower declines in their cognitive flexibility than those who remain employed, which appears to be persistent 6 years after retirement. However, the information processing speed of low-educated retirees declines faster. The magnitude of both changes in cognition is such that retirees appear 5-6 years younger in terms of cognitive flexibility, and older in terms of information processing speed. We show that these relationships between retirement and cognitive development cannot be explained by (1) feeling relieved from routine work, (2) changes in mood, (3) changes in lifestyle, and (4) changes in blood pressure. The decline in information processing speed after retirement particularly holds for the low educated. This could increase the social costs of an aging society.",
author = "{de Grip}, A. and A. Dupuy and J. Jolles and {van Boxtel}, M.",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ehb.2015.08.004",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "157--169",
journal = "Economics & Human Biology",
issn = "1570-677X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Retirement and cognitive development in the Netherlands: Are the retired really inactive? / de Grip, A.; Dupuy, A.; Jolles, J.; van Boxtel, M.

In: Economics & Human Biology, Vol. 19, 01.01.2015, p. 157-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Retirement and cognitive development in the Netherlands: Are the retired really inactive?

AU - de Grip, A.

AU - Dupuy, A.

AU - Jolles, J.

AU - van Boxtel, M.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - This paper uses longitudinal data to analyze the relation between retirement and cognitive development in the Netherlands. Controlling for individual fixed effects and lagged cognition, we find that retirees face lower declines in their cognitive flexibility than those who remain employed, which appears to be persistent 6 years after retirement. However, the information processing speed of low-educated retirees declines faster. The magnitude of both changes in cognition is such that retirees appear 5-6 years younger in terms of cognitive flexibility, and older in terms of information processing speed. We show that these relationships between retirement and cognitive development cannot be explained by (1) feeling relieved from routine work, (2) changes in mood, (3) changes in lifestyle, and (4) changes in blood pressure. The decline in information processing speed after retirement particularly holds for the low educated. This could increase the social costs of an aging society.

AB - This paper uses longitudinal data to analyze the relation between retirement and cognitive development in the Netherlands. Controlling for individual fixed effects and lagged cognition, we find that retirees face lower declines in their cognitive flexibility than those who remain employed, which appears to be persistent 6 years after retirement. However, the information processing speed of low-educated retirees declines faster. The magnitude of both changes in cognition is such that retirees appear 5-6 years younger in terms of cognitive flexibility, and older in terms of information processing speed. We show that these relationships between retirement and cognitive development cannot be explained by (1) feeling relieved from routine work, (2) changes in mood, (3) changes in lifestyle, and (4) changes in blood pressure. The decline in information processing speed after retirement particularly holds for the low educated. This could increase the social costs of an aging society.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ehb.2015.08.004

DO - 10.1016/j.ehb.2015.08.004

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 157

EP - 169

JO - Economics & Human Biology

JF - Economics & Human Biology

SN - 1570-677X

ER -