Retinal Microvascular Alterations in Patients with Quiescent Posterior and Panuveitis Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

Aniruddha Agarwal*, Sushil Bhatt, Shreya Keshari, Roel J. Erckens, Tos T. J. M. Berendschot, C. A. B. Webers, Rupesh Agrawal, Reema Bansal, Vishali Gupta

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Purpose To quantify retinochoroidal vascular parameters using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCTA) in quiescent posterior and panuveitis. Methods In this cross-sectional study, subjects with quiescent posterior and panuveitis underwent fundus imaging using SS-OCTA (DRI Triton (R), Topcon, Japan). The metrics calculated were fractal dimension (FD), foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area, retinal vascularity index (capillary density index-CDI), and choroidal vascularity index (CVI). Results We included 38 eyes of 20 patients, 9 males aged 34.7 +/- 10.5 years, 30 eyes of 30 age- and gender-matched healthy controls, 10 females aged 33.6 +/- 8.5 years. Comparing patients with controls, we found a lower FD (p < .001), larger FAZ (p > .001), lower CDI in the superficial plexus (p = .019), and lower CVI (p < .001). We also found lower retinal and choroidal and thicknesses (p p = .025, respectively). Conclusions Patients with quiescent posterior and panuveitis have a significantly reduced retinochoroidal vascular density compared to healthy control subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1781-1787
Number of pages7
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Volume30
Issue number7-8
Early online date23 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Optical coherence tomography angiography
  • quiescent uveitis
  • posterior uveitis
  • fractal dimension
  • choroidal vascularity index
  • VISUAL-ACUITY
  • UVEITIS
  • INTERMEDIATE

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