Response-repetition effects depend on motor set: Evidence for anatomical coding in response selection

Jos J. Adam*, Iring Koch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Successful motor performance requires a process of response selection that chooses the correct response out of a set of possible ones. Most theories of response selection assume that this selection process operates on spatial codes, which define the location of stimuli and responses in environmental coordinates, with little or no role for the anatomical codes of the effectors involved. In this study, we tested this assumption by investigating response-repetition effects in a response-cuing paradigm using two motor sets (fingers on one hand vs. fingers on two hands). Reaction time results demonstrated a robust response-repetition benefit that was greater for the one-hand set than for the two-hands set. Furthermore, with the one-hand set the repetition benefit was independent of cue type and cue-stimulus interval on the previous trial, whereas with the two-hands set it was strongly modulated by these two factors. These differential response-repetition effects for one- and two-hands motor sets demonstrate the important role of the neuro-anatomical hand distinction in response selection, thereby supporting multiple coding notions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-184
JournalHuman Movement Science
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014


  • Response preparation
  • Response repetition
  • Response coding
  • Response selection
  • Response-cuing paradigm
  • Neuro-anatomical organization
  • Reaction time

Cite this