Resilience to affective disorders: A comparative validation of two resilience scales

Ruslan Leontjevas*, Wendie Op de Beek, Johan Lataster, Nele Jacobs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Resilience to affective disorders in rehabilitating patients or in individuals with a severe disability is of special research interest. However, there is no gold standard for measuring resilience. We aimed to test the accuracy of the Dutch translation of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRSal) and of the Resilience Scale (RSal) in recognizing rehabilitating patients without anxiety and depression, and to determine the reliability and construct validity of both scales. Methods: A within-subjects longitudinal study with six assessments, each one week apart. Forty residents of a nursing home rehabilitating unit were interviewed to assess resilience (BRSnl and RSal), optimism and pessimism (LOT-R), depression and anxiety (HADS), positive and negative affect (PANAS), and pain (VAS). Results: Receiver operating characteristic analyses for recognizing the absence of depression and anxiety (DADS score <7) revealed better accuracy (P=0.038) for the BRSnl (AUC=0.84; p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-268
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2014


  • Anxiety/anxiety disorders
  • Assessment/diagnosis
  • Depression
  • Rehabilitation
  • Resilience

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