Resilience and successful community reintegration among female forensic psychiatric patients: A preliminary investigation

S. Viljoen, T. Nicholls, C. Greaves, C. de Ruiter, J. Brink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Research on resiliency and recovery in forensic psychiatric patients is still limited. Information pertaining to factors associated with successful community reintegration would contribute to a more comprehensive assessment of functioning and informed treatment planning that fits within a recovery approach of service provision. Using a retrospective design involving file reviews and a 3-year follow-up period, the authors investigated the rate of successful/unsuccessful community reintegration (defined by the presence or absence of an absolute discharge/readmission to hospital) in female forensic psychiatric patients (N=48). The study evaluated the extent to which the risk and protective factors captured in the Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) predicted a range of positive and negative outcomes in the study sample. Results showed that 47.9% of the women qualified as having successfully reintegrated into the community, with the remaining 52.1% qualifying as still being in recovery. Successful individuals possessed significantly more protective factors and significantly fewer risk factors than individuals still in recovery. Furthermore, both the vulnerability and the strength scale of the START demonstrated good predictive validity, however we did not find evidence of incremental validity of the strength scale. Copyright (C) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752-770
Number of pages19
JournalBehavioral Sciences & the Law
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

Keywords

  • VIOLENT RECIDIVISM
  • RISK-ASSESSMENT
  • PROTECTIVE FACTORS
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • OFFENDERS
  • SAMPLE
  • HCR-20
  • ABUSE

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