Resident-Sensitive Quality Measures in the Pediatric Emergency Department: Exploring Relationships With Supervisor Entrustment and Patient Acuity and Complexity

Daniel J. Schumacher*, Eric Holmboe, Carol Carraccio, Abigail Martini, Cees van der Vleuten, Jamiu Busari, Brad Sobolewski, Terri L. Byczkowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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This study explores the associations between resident-sensitive quality measures (RSQMs) and supervisor entrustment as well as between RSQMs and patient acuity and complexity for encounters in the pediatric emergency department (PED) in which residents are caring for patients.


Pediatric residents rotating through Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center PED as well as supervising pediatric emergency medicine faculty and fellows were recruited during the 2017-2018 academic year for the purpose of collecting the following data from the residents' patient encounters for 3 illnesses (acute asthma exacerbation, bronchiolitis, and closed head injury [CHI]): supervisor entrustment decision rating, RSQMs relevant to the care provided, and supervisor patient acuity and complexity ratings. To measure the association of RSQM composite scores with the other variables of interest, mixed models were used.


A total of 83 residents cared for 110 patients with asthma, 112 with bronchiolitis, and 77 with CHI. Entrustment decision ratings were positively associated with asthma RSQM composite scores (beta coefficient = 0.03; P <.001). There was no significant association between RSQM composite scores and entrustment decision ratings for bronchiolitis or CHI. RSQM composite scores were significantly higher when acuity was also higher and significantly lower when acuity was also lower for both asthma (P <.001) and bronchiolitis (P = .01). However, RSQM composite scores were almost identical between levels of acuity for CHI (P = .94). There were no significant differences in RSQM composite scores when complexity varied.


This study found limited associations between RSQM composite scores and entrustment decision ratings but offers insight into how RSQMs could be used for the purposes of resident assessment and feedback.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1256-1264
Number of pages9
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


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