Replication of Genome-Wide Association Analysis Identifies New Susceptibility Loci at Long Noncoding RNA Regions for Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease

Jian Qi, Liping Du, Jing Deng, Yang Qin, Guannan Su, Shengping Hou, Meng Lv, Qi Zhang, Aize Kijlstra, Peizeng Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

PURPOSE. This study was aimed at investigating the association of long noncoding RNA (LncRNA)-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SN'Ps) with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease.

METHODS. LncRNA-related SNPs were selected by multi-omics analysis. Genotyping, expression of LncRNA and mRNA, cell proliferation, and cytokine production were tested by MassARRAY System, real-time PCR, CCK8, and ELISA.

RESULTS. A significant association with VKH was found for Lnc-TOR3A-1:1/rs3829794, which is located in a non-HLA region (CC genotype: Bonferroni corrected P values [P-C] = 2.98 x 10(-8), odds ratio [OR] = 0.62; TT genotype: P-C = 1.64 x 10(-8), OR = 1.57; C allele: P-C = 1.39 x 10(-12), OR = 0.71). Additionally, an association was found for four lncRNA SNPs located in the HLA region. Functional experiments in rs3829794 genotyped individuals showed decreased ABL2 (ABL proto-oncogene 2, nonreceptor tyrosine kinase) expression, decreased proliferation of anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and an increased production of IL-10 in CC carriers compared to IT carriers (P = 0.0073, P = 0.0011, and P = 0.002, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS. Our study identified five new loci associated with VKH susceptibility and identified a functional variant (lnc-TOR3A-1:1/rs3829794) that confers risk for VKH, which is possibly mediated by modulating gene expression, proliferation of lymphocytes, and regulation of anti-inflammatory cytokine production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4820-4829
Number of pages10
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Volume60
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Keywords

  • lncRNA
  • Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease
  • multi-omics analysis
  • BEHCETS-DISEASE
  • GENE POLYMORPHISMS
  • VKH SYNDROME
  • T-CELLS
  • EXPRESSION
  • SNPS
  • SENSITIZATION
  • RECOGNITION
  • VARIANTS
  • DATABASE

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