Reliability and Validity of a Smartphone-Paired Pulse Oximeter for Screening of Critical Congenital Heart Defects in Newborns

Maurice J. Huizing, Eduardo Villamor-Martinez, Ingrid A. Chavagne, Ward Y. Vanagt, Marc A. E. Spaanderman, Eduardo Villamor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)


Background: Barriers to widespread implementation of pulse oximetry screening of critical congenital heart defects (CCHD) in newborns include increasing trends of out-of-hospital births and cost of equipment. In recent years, smartphone-compatible pulse oximeters have appeared on the market, but the validity of such devices in the setting of CCHD screening has not been evaluated. Objectives: To compare the performance in CCHD screening of a smart-phone-paired pulse oximeter (Masimo iSpO(2)-Rx (TM)) and a hospital-grade pulse oximeter (Masimo Radical-7 (TM)). Methods: Preductal (right hand) and postductal (either foot) saturations were determined in a population of 201 term newborns by 2 independent teams, one using the Radical-7 and the other using the iSpO(2)-Rx. Bland-Altman analysis was applied to calculate mean bias and 95% limits of agreement between the 2 pulse oximeters. Results: For the preductal oxygen saturation, the mean bias (Radical-7 minus iSpO(2)-Rx) was -0.08 (SD 1.76) and the lower and upper limits of agreement were -3.52 and 3.36, respectively. For the postductal oxygen saturation, the mean bias was -0.11 (SD 1.68) and the lower and upper limits of agreement were -3.49 and 3.18, respectively. In addition, the iSpO(2)-Rx provided reliable measurements of saturations below 95% in a group of 12 infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Conclusions: Our data suggest that CCHD screening with the Masimo iSpO(2)-Rx is feasible and accurate. The use of reliable smartphone-paired pulse oximeters may contribute to the extension of CCHD screening to home births and low resource settings. (C) 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-329
Number of pages6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Pulse oximetry
  • Screening
  • Critical congenital heart defects
  • Smartphone

Cite this