Relationship between exhaled NO, respiratory symptoms, lung function, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and blood eosinophilia in school children

P.A. Steerenberg, N.A. Jansen, G. de Meer, P.H. Fischer, S. Nierkens, H. van Loveren, A. Opperhuizen, B. Brunekreef, J.G. Amsterdam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Relationship between exhaled NO, respiratory symptoms, lung function, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and blood eosinophilia in school children.

Steerenberg PA, Janssen NA, de Meer G, Fischer PH, Nierkens S, van Loveren H, Opperhuizen A, Brunekreef B, van Amsterdam JG.

Laboratory for Pathology and Immunobiology, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands. P.Steerenberg@rivm.nl

BACKGROUND: Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) may serve as a non-invasive marker of airway inflammation but its relationship with other commonly used measures has not been evaluated. METHODS: Levels of eNO in a sample of 450 children aged 7-12 years out of a total sample of 2504 school children living in different urban areas near motorways were determined. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore the relationship between eNO, impairment of lung function (PEF, FVC, FEV(1) and MMEF), bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), and blood eosinophilia in children with and without atopy as assessed by skin prick testing. RESULTS: Regression analysis showed that wheezing and nasal discharge and conjunctivitis that had occurred during the previous 12 months were positively associated with eNO levels in atopic children (relative increase of 1.48 and 1.41, respectively; p<0.05) but not in non-atopic children. Similarly, BHR and the number of blood eosinophils per ml were positively associated with eNO levels in atopic children (relative increase of 1.55 and 2.29, respectively; p<0.05) but not in non-atopic children. The lung function indices PEF, FVC, FEV(1) and MMEF were not associated with eNO levels. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to conventional lung function tests and symptom questionnaires, eNO is a suitable measure of airway inflammation and its application may reinforce the power of epidemiological surveys on respiratory health
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-245
Number of pages3
JournalThorax
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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