Regression and Complications of z-score-Based Giant Aneurysms in a Dutch Cohort of Kawasaki Disease Patients

S. M. Dietz*, I. M. Kuipers, J. C. D. Koole, J. M. P. J. Breur, Z. Fejzic, S. Frerich, M. Dalinghaus, A. A. W. Roest, B. A. Hutten, T. W. Kuijpers

*Corresponding author for this work

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Kawasaki disease (KD) is a pediatric vasculitis. Its main complication is the development of coronary artery aneurysms (CAA), with giant CAA at the end of the spectrum. We evaluated regression and event-free rates in a non-Asian cohort of patients with giant CAA using the current z-scores adjusted for body surface area instead of absolute diameters. KD patients with giant CAA (z-score 10) visiting our outpatient clinic between January 1999 and September 2015 were included. Patient characteristics and clinical details were extracted from medical records. Regression was defined as all coronary arteries having a z-score of 3. A major adverse event was defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock, or any coronary intervention. Regression-free and event-free rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. We included 52 patients with giant CAA of which 45 had been monitored since the acute phase. The 1-, 2-, and 5-year regression-free rates were 0.86, 0.78, and 0.65, respectively. The 5-year, 10-year, and 15-year event-free rates were 0.79, 0.75, and 0.65, respectively. Four children, whose CAA would not have been classified as 'giant' based on absolute diameters instead of z-scores, had experienced an event during follow-up. Conclusion: We found a high percentage of children in whom the lumen of giant CAA completely normalized. Four children not classified as 'giant' based on absolute diameters with z-scores of 10 experienced a cardiac event. Hence, the use of z-scores seems to be justified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-839
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017


  • Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (Kawasaki disease)
  • Coronary aneurysms
  • Major cardiac event
  • Myocardial infarction

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