Regional Comparisons of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Vessel Density in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

Harsha L. Rao*, Zia S. Pradhan, Robert N. Weinreb, Hemanth B. Reddy, Mohammed Riyazuddin, Srilakshmi Dasari, Meena Palakurthy, Narendra K. Puttaiah, Dhanaraj A. S. Rao, Carroll A. B. Webers

*Corresponding author for this work

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161 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic abilities of the vessel densities in optic nerve head (ONH), peripapillary, and macular regions measured using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and to evaluate the effect of glaucoma severity (based on the mean deviation, MD), optic disc size, and pretreatment intraocular pressure (TOP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Seventy-eight eyes of 53 control subjects and 64 eyes of 39 POAG patients underwent OCTA imaging. Area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AUC) and sensitivities at fixed specificities of vessel densities in ONH, peripapillary, and macular regions were analyzed. ROC regression was used to evaluate the effect of covariates on the diagnostic abilities. RESULTS: The AUCs of ONH vessel densities ranged between 0.59 (superonasal sector) and 0.73 (average inside disc), peripapillary between 0.70 (nasal, superonasal and temporal) and 0.89 (inferotemporal), and macular between 0.56 (nasal) and 0.64 (temporal). AUC of the average peripapillary vessel density was significantly better than the average inside disc (P=.05) and macular (P=.005) measurement. MD showed a negative association with the AUCs of the vessel densities of all regions. Pretreatment TOP (coefficient: 0.09) showed a significant (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-83
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

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