Reduced skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiration and improved glucose metabolism in nondiabetic obese women during a very low calorie dietary intervention leading to rapid weight loss.

R. Rabol, P.F. Svendsen, M. Skovbro, R. Boushel, S.B. Haugaard, P. Schjerling, P. Schrauwen, M.K. Hesselink, L. Nilas, S. Madsbad, F. Dela

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Reduced oxidative capacity of skeletal muscle has been proposed to lead to accumulation of intramyocellular triglyceride (IMTG) and insulin resistance. We have measured mitochondrial respiration before and after a 10% low-calorie-induced weight loss in young obese women to examine the relationship between mitochondrial function, IMTG, and insulin resistance. Nine obese women (age, 32.3 years [SD, 3.0]; body mass index, 33.4 kg/m(2) [SD, 2.6]) completed a 53-day (SE, 3.8) very low calorie diet (VLCD) of 500 to 600 kcal/d without altering physical activity. The target of the intervention was a 10% weight loss; and measurements of mitochondrial respiration, IMTG, respiratory exchange ratio, citrate synthase activity, mitochondrial DNA copy number, plasma insulin, 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test, and free fatty acids were performed before and after weight loss. Mitochondrial respiration was measured in permeabilized muscle fibers using high-resolution respirometry. Average weight loss was 11.5% (P < .05), but the levels of IMTG remained unchanged. Fasting plasma glucose, plasma insulin homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and insulin sensitivity index (composite) obtained during 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test improved significantly. Mitochondrial respiration per milligram tissue decreased by approximately 25% (P < .05), but citrate synthase activity and mitochondrial DNA copy number remained unchanged. Respiratory exchange ratio decreased from 0.87 (SE, 0.01) to 0.79 (SE, 0.02) (P < .05) as a sign of increased whole-body fat oxidation. Markers of insulin sensitivity improved after the very low calorie diet; but mitochondrial function decreased, and IMTG remained unchanged. Our results do not support a direct relationship between mitochondrial function and insulin resistance in young obese women and do not support a direct relationship between IMTG and insulin sensitivity in young obese women during weight loss.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1145-1152
    JournalMetabolism-Clinical and Experimental
    Volume58
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

    Cite this