Altered skeletal muscle lipid metabolism is a hallmark feature of type 2 (T2D). Here we investigated muscle lipid turnover in T2D versus BMI- controls and examined if putative in vivo differences would be preserved myotubes.Male obese T2D individuals (T2D) (n=6) and their BMI-matched (C) (n=6) underwent a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, VO2max test, underwater weighing and muscle biopsy of v. lateralis. 14C-palmitate and 14C-oleate oxidation rates and incorporation into lipids were measured tissue, as well as in primary myotubes.Palmitate oxidation (C: 0.99 +/- T2D: 0.53 +/- 0.07nmol/mg protein; P=0.03) and incorporation of fatty into triacylglycerol (TAG) (C: 0.45 +/- 0.13, T2D: 0.11 +/- 0.02nmol/mg P=0.047) were significantly reduced in muscle homogenates of T2D. These reductions were not retained for palmitate oxidation in primary myotubes (P=0.38); however, incorporation of FAs into TAG was lower in T2D oleate and P=0.11 for palmitate), with a strong correlation of TAG between muscle tissue and primary myotubes (r=0.848, P=0.008).Our data that the ability to incorporate FAs into TAG is an intrinsic feature of muscle cells that is reduced in individuals with T2D.
- MUSCLE INSULIN-RESISTANCE
Sparks, L. M., Bosma, M., Brouwers, B., van de Weijer, T., Bilet, L., Schaart, G., Kornips, E., Eichmann, T. O., Lass, A., Hesselink, M. K., & Schrauwen, P. (2014). Reduced incorporation of Fatty acids into triacylglycerol in myotubes from obese individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, 63(5), 1583-1593. https://doi.org/10.2337/db13-1123