Recommendations for future development of contractility and obstruction nomograms for women. ICI-RS 2014

Kevin Rademakers*, Apostolos Apostolidis, Christos Constantinou, Christopher Fry, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Matthias Oelke, Brian Parsons, Pierre Nelson, Francoise Valentini, Andrew Gammie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Aims At present, existing bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) nomograms for women are still not universally accepted. Moreover, only limited information is available regarding bladder contractility in women. The aim is to present the discussions and recommendations from the think tank session Can we construct and validate contractility and obstruction nomograms for women? held at the 2014 International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society (ICI-RS) meeting in Bristol, UK. MethodsAn overview of clinical significance, bladder mechanics and modelling, lack of existing nomograms for women, and development of new nomograms were presented and discussed in a multidisciplinary think tank session. This think tank session was based on a collaboration between physicians, engineers, and researchers and consensus was achieved on future research initiatives. Results and ConclusionsBased on the think tank discussion, the ICI-RS panel put forward the following recommendations: the need to acquire normative age-matched data in women to define normal and pathological values of urodynamic parameters; the inclusion of additional clinical data in new nomograms and the use of this extra dimension to develop clinically applicable nomograms for female BOO and contractility; and finally, the need to take into account the variability of BOO in women when developing female bladder contractility nomograms. Neurourol. Urodynam. 35:307-311, 2016.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-311
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


  • bladder contractility
  • bladder mechanics
  • bladder outlet obstruction
  • female voidimg dysfunction
  • nomograms


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