Real Effort Versus Chosen Effort in Experiments

A. Brüggen, M. Strobel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We analyze two different ways of operationalizing effort in laboratory experiments: real effort where participants work on a specific task, and chosen effort where participants choose increasingly costly effort levels. Our results support equivalence between chosen effort and real effort.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-236
Number of pages5
JournalEconomics Letters
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

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