The European Dialysis and Transplant Association (EDTA) Registry was established in the mid 1960s and its annual reports for many years provided important information on the treatment of children in Europe with renal diseases. The last report of the former European Renal Association (ERA)-EDTA Registry, based in London, was in 1996. Unfortunately, shortly thereafter, for a number of reasons the Registry collapsed. However, in June 2000 the ERA-EDTA Registry was re-established in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and the first report of this new European Registry on renal replacement therapy is now published. Effective collaboration of single national registries with the new ERA Registry is important for the future development of new successful treatment strategies in pediatric renal medicine.