Ratio between serum IL-8 and pepsinogen A/C: a marker for atrophic body gastritis

S. Sanduleanu*, A.D.E. Bruïne, I. Biemond, M. Stridsberg, D.M.A.E. Jonkers, G. Lundqvist, W. Hameeteman, R.W. Stockbrügger

*Corresponding author for this work

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Ratio between serum IL-8 and pepsinogen A/C: a marker for atrophic body gastritis.

Sanduleanu S, Bruine AD, Biemond I, Stridsberg M, Jonkers D, Lundqvist G, Hameeteman W, Stockbrugger RW.

Department of Gastroenterology/Hepatology, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands. sda@sint.azm.nl

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elevated serum gastrin and a low pepsinogen A/C ratio are well-recognized markers for atrophic body gastritis (ABG). We have shown that the presence of body atrophy is also associated with elevated serum pro-inflammatory cytokines. This study tested the hypothesis that serum cytokines provide additional information to gastrin and pepsinogens in screening for ABG. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-six consecutive patients were investigated on referral for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: 150 were patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, receiving acid inhibitory medication either with proton pump inhibitors (n = 113) or with histamine2-receptor antagonists (n = 37), and 76 were nontreated controls, who had normal endoscopic findings. Gastric mucosal biopsies were sampled for histological examination (Sydney classification). Serum samples were analyzed for gastrin, chromogranin A (CgA), and pepsinogens A and C by RIA, and for the interleukins (IL)-1beta, IL-6, and IL-8 by ELISA. RESULTS: Subjects with ABG had significantly higher serum gastrin (P < 0.01) and serum CgA (P < 0.01) levels and significantly lower pepsinogen A/C ratios (P < 0.001) than those without ABG. Additionally, serum IL-1beta, IL-6 and, especially, IL-8 levels were significantly higher in the subjects with than in those without ABG (P < 0.0001, for all cytokines). To optimize the detection of body atrophy we defined the ABG index: the ratio between the simultaneously measured IL-8 and pepsinogen A/C. The area under the ROC curve for the ABG index was significantly greater than that for serum gastrin and for serum pepsinogen A/C alone (0.91 +/- 0.029 vs. 0.72 +/- 0.042, and vs. 0.83 +/- 0.031, P = 0.018 and P = 0.049). Using the ABG index at a cut-off value of 1.8 pg mL-1, 91% of the cases were classified correctly. CONCLUSIONS: The ratio between serum IL-8 and pepsinogen A/C accurately predicts the presence of ABG. We therefore propose the ABG index as a noninvasive screening test for ABG in population-based studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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