Rapid visuomotor preparation in the human brain: a functional MRI study

J.J.M.E. Adam, W.H. Backes, J.M. Rijcken, P.A.M. Hofman, H. Kuipers, J. Jolles

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Abstract

Rapid visuomotor preparation in the human brain: a functional MRI study.

Adam JJ, Backes W, Rijcken J, Hofman P, Kuipers H, Jolles J.

Department of Movement Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. jos.adam@bw.unimaas.nl

An important feature of human motor behaviour is anticipation and preparation. We report a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of the neuronal activation patterns in the human brain that are associated with the rapid visuomotor preparation of discrete finger responses. Our imaging results reveal a large-scale distributed network of neural areas involved in fast visuomotor preparation, including specific areas in the frontal cortex (middle frontal gyrus, premotor and supplementary motor cortex), the parietal cortex (intra-parietal sulcus, inferior and superior parietal lobe) and the basal ganglia. Our reaction time results demonstrate that it is easier to prepare two fingers on one hand than on two hands. This hand-advantage phenomenon was associated with relatively enhanced levels of activity in the basal ganglia and relatively reduced levels of activity in the parietal cortex. These findings provide direct evidence for differential activity in a distributed brain system associated with specific neuro-computational operations subserving fast visuomotor preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalCognitive Brain Research
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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